Property Investment vs Speculation
Most people get mortgages wrong for two simple reasons.
Those two mistakes are:
The typical Australian lives under the misguided belief that their family home is an asset. An asset by definition is “Something valuable that an entity owns, benefits from or has use of, in generating income”. The key is the words “generating income”. By that definition your home is not an asset, it is a liability. It does not generate income, it costs you money.
The average Australian will borrow as much as they possibly can, to buy the most expensive home they can afford, in the mistaken belief that this is a good investment. In fact they are are burdening themselves with the worst kind of debt. Long term, expensive, non-deductible debt that produces no income in return. The same kind of debt that lead to the housing collapse in the USA.
Successful investors understand this crucial point. Your home is not an investment.
The Business Dictionary defines an investment as “Money committed or property acquired for future income.” Now some will argue that an investment doesn't have to produce an income and cite as an example gold bullion, collectibles or share futures contracts. By definition, none of these are investments, they are items of speculation. They can go up in value or, just as easily, go down. You are speculating on the future trade-able value, not investing in the inherent value of the income an asset represents. Tens of thousands of homeowners around the world discovered in 2009 that home values can fall and can fall dramatically and disastrously.
If you buy a house to live in with no income return expected from it, but in the hope it will increase in value, you are speculating not Investing.
If you buy a house to rent out, you are investing. The Australian government has long recognised the difference and that is why they allow you to claim the expenses relating to a rental property, including interest payments, as a tax deduction but do not allow any deductions for expenses incurred in buying a house to live in. In other words, the government is willing to share the risk of investing in income generating real estate because the risks are lower than tying up your money in your home.
Smart investors have a small or no mortgage on their own home and the majority of their borrowings are for rental property because that is the lowest risk strategy. They also get the best advice they can on quickly reducing the mortgage on their home.
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